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Python for Windows: simultaneously read analog, digital and...

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Python for Windows: simultaneously read analog, digital and counter inputs with ul.daq_in_scan(...)


The standard console example for the ul.daq_in_scan() function uses the USB-1808 and it supports a scan option called ScaleData. This option makes it possible to easily convert the data using string formating. However, the USB-1616HS, PCI-2500 and USB-2500 series do not have the ScaleData option, so one must use unsigned 16 bit words. Instead of casting the allocated buffer to a pointer of doubles, this example will cast it to an unsigned short. 
       # 1616HS and 2500 series do not have ScaleData support
        # ctypes_array = cast(memhandle, POINTER(c_double))
        ctypes_array = cast(memhandle, POINTER(c_ushort))
The unsigned short is natural for digital ports and counter registers but not so much for voltage. To display voltage, the ul.to_eng_units function is used to scale the 16 bit word to voltage floating point.

Below is the program listing - it's also attached as a download at the bottom of the page.


"""
File:                       daq_in_scan_usb_1800.py

Library Call Demonstrated:  mcculw.ul.daq_in_scan()

Purpose:                    Synchronously scans Analog channels,
                            digital ports and counters in the foreground.

Demonstration:              Collects data on two analog channels, a
                            digital channel, and a counter channel.

Other Library Calls:        mcculw.ul.scaled_win_buf_alloc()
                            mcculw.ul.win_buf_free()
                            mcculw.ul.release_daq_device()

Special Requirements:       This examples filters on the USB-1808 Series.
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import, division, print_function
from builtins import *  # @UnusedWildImport

# USB-1616HS and the PCI/USB-2500 series do not have ScaleData support
# Use c_uShort to read the 16 bit words
# from ctypes import cast, POINTER, c_double
from ctypes import cast, POINTER, c_ushort


from mcculw import ul
from mcculw.enums import ScanOptions, ChannelType, ULRange, DigitalPortType
from mcculw.device_info import DaqDeviceInfo
from mcculw.enums import CounterMode
from mcculw.enums import CounterDebounceMode
from mcculw.enums import CounterDebounceTime
from mcculw.enums import CounterEdgeDetection
from mcculw.enums import CounterTickSize

try:
    from console_examples_util import config_first_detected_device
except ImportError:
    from .console_examples_util import config_first_detected_device


def run_example():
    # By default, the example detects and displays all available devices and
    # selects the first device listed. Use the dev_id_list variable to filter
    # detected devices by device ID (see UL documentation for device IDs).
    # If use_device_detection is set to False, the board_num variable needs to
    # match the desired board number configured with Instacal.
    # PCI boards cannot be discovered so this example uses the InstaCal board number.


    use_device_detection = False

    board_num = 0
    # Supported PIDs for the USB-1808 Series
    rate = 100
    points_per_channel = 100
    memhandle = None

    try:
        # device detection does work with PCI boards so disable it
        if use_device_detection:
            config_first_detected_device(board_num, dev_id_list)
        # use board zero from InstaCal
        daq_dev_info = DaqDeviceInfo(board_num)
        print('\nActive DAQ device: ', daq_dev_info.product_name, ' (',
              daq_dev_info.unique_id, ')\n', sep='')

        scan_options = ScanOptions.FOREGROUND

        # Create the daq_in_scan channel configuration lists
        chan_list = []
        chan_type_list = []
        gain_list = []

        # Analog channels must be first in the list
        chan_list.append(0)
        chan_type_list.append(ChannelType.ANALOG)
        gain_list.append(ULRange.BIP10VOLTS)

        chan_list.append(1)
        chan_type_list.append(ChannelType.ANALOG)
        gain_list.append(ULRange.BIP10VOLTS)

        chan_list.append(DigitalPortType.FIRSTPORTA)
        chan_type_list.append(ChannelType.DIGITAL8)
        gain_list.append(ULRange.NOTUSED)

        chan_list.append(0)
        chan_type_list.append(ChannelType.CTR32LOW)
        gain_list.append(ULRange.NOTUSED)

        chan_list.append(0)
        chan_type_list.append(ChannelType.CTR32HIGH)
        gain_list.append(ULRange.NOTUSED)

        num_chans = len(chan_list)

        total_count = num_chans * points_per_channel

        # Allocate memory for the scan and cast it to a ctypes array pointer
        memhandle = ul.scaled_win_buf_alloc(total_count)

        # 1616HS and 2500 series do not have ScaleData support
        # ctypes_array = cast(memhandle, POINTER(c_double))
        ctypes_array = cast(memhandle, POINTER(c_ushort))


        # Note: the ctypes array will no longer be valid after win_buf_free is
        # called.
        # A copy of the buffer can be created using win_buf_to_array or
        # win_buf_to_array_32 before the memory is freed. The copy can be used
        # at any time.

        # Check if the buffer was successfully allocated
        if not memhandle:
            raise Exception('Error: Failed to allocate memory')

        ul.c_config_scan(board_num,
                         0,
                         CounterMode.TOTALIZE | CounterMode.COUNTER | CounterMode.BIT_32,
                         CounterDebounceTime.DEBOUNCE500ns,
                         CounterDebounceMode.TRIGGER_AFTER_STABLE,
                         CounterEdgeDetection.RISING_EDGE,
                         CounterTickSize.TICK20PT83ns,
                         0)
        # Start the scan
        actRate, preCount, postCount = ul.daq_in_scan(
            board_num, chan_list, chan_type_list, gain_list, num_chans,
            rate, 0, total_count, memhandle, scan_options)
        print('Scan completed successfully. rate = {:d}, scans = {:d}'.format(actRate, postCount))

        # Create a format string that aligns the data in columns
        row_format = '{:>5}' + '{:>10}' * num_chans

        # Print the channel name headers
        labels = ['Index']
        for ch_index in range(num_chans):
            channel_label = {
                ChannelType.ANALOG: lambda:
                    'Ain' + str(chan_list[ch_index]),
                ChannelType.DIGITAL8: lambda:
                    '   ' + chan_list[ch_index].name,
                ChannelType.CTR32LOW: lambda:
                    'CinLow' + str(chan_list[ch_index]),
                ChannelType.CTR32HIGH: lambda:
                    'CinHigh' + str(chan_list[ch_index]),
            }[chan_type_list[ch_index]]()
            labels.append(channel_label)

        print(row_format.format(*labels))


        for index in range(points_per_channel):
            display_data = [index]
            for ch_index in range(num_chans):

                data_label = {
                    ChannelType.ANALOG: lambda:
                        '{:.3f}'.format(ul.to_eng_units(board_num, ULRange.BIP10VOLTS, ctypes_array[ch_index])),
                    ChannelType.DIGITAL8: lambda:
                        '{:d}'.format(ctypes_array[ch_index]),
                    ChannelType.CTR32LOW: lambda:
                        '{:d}'.format(ctypes_array[ch_index]),
                    ChannelType.CTR32HIGH: lambda:
                        '{:d}'.format(ctypes_array[ch_index]),
                }[chan_type_list[ch_index]]()
                display_data.append(data_label)

            # Print this row
            print(row_format.format(*display_data))

    except Exception as e:
        print('\n', e)
    finally:
        if memhandle:
            # Free the buffer in a finally block to prevent a memory leak.
            ul.win_buf_free(memhandle)
        if use_device_detection:
            ul.release_daq_device(board_num)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    run_example()



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daq_in_scan_usb_1616HS_2500.py daq_in_scan_usb_1616HS_2500.py (6.91 KB, 77 views)

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Article ID: 50841

Last Modified:5/21/2021 1:02:08 PM

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